文章摘要
王磊,方维萱,刘增仁,鲁佳,张立新.新疆乌恰干旱荒漠区生态水文景观类型及分区[J].矿产勘查,2020,11(10):2283-2292
新疆乌恰干旱荒漠区生态水文景观类型及分区
Ecological and hydrological landscape types and zoning on the arid desert region in Wuqia, Xinjiang
投稿时间:2020-05-12  
DOI:
中文关键词: 干旱荒漠区  地下水  植被类型  水文地质单元  生态景观  乌恰  新疆
英文关键词: arid desert rigion, groundwater, vegetation type, hydrogeological unit, ecological landscape, Wuqia region, Xinjiang
基金项目:国土资源部行业公益性科研专项(编号:201511016)和中国地质调查局公益性项目(编号:20170418)联合资助。
作者单位
王磊 有色金属矿产地质调查中心,北京 100012 
方维萱 有色金属矿产地质调查中心,北京 100012 
刘增仁 有色金属矿产地质调查中心,北京 100012 
鲁佳 昆明理工大学国土资源工程学院,云南 昆明 650093 
张立新 有色金属矿产地质调查中心,北京 100012 
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中文摘要:
      新疆乌恰-康苏地区典型干旱荒漠生态脆弱区,水-岩-土-植生态景观异质性及耦合作用,直接影响生态环境保护和资源开发。该文根据景观异质性理论,通过遥感、水文地质调查、生态样方测量等综合调查方法,研究生态区划、水文地质与植被分布特征,将研究区分为高中山荒漠基岩裂隙水、中山侵蚀山地裂隙孔隙层间水、山前洪-冲积扇盆地孔隙水、河流阶地孔隙水4个主要生态水文景观类型。高、中山区及河流阶地绿洲受大气降水及地面蒸发作用控制,冲洪积扇缘绿洲受地下水水化学类型及地下水水位变化控制。以期对乌恰-康苏地区生态环境保护、有色金属资源基地建设、绿洲生态稳定及生态功能区划提供科学合理的依据。
英文摘要:
      Wuqia and Kangsu region is the typical arid desert ecological fragile zone in Xinjiang. Landscape heterogeneity and coupling of the water, rock, soil, vegetation, have a large impact on ecological environment protection and resource development. Based on the theory of landscape heterogeneity, this paper make a study of the characteristics of ecological regionalization, hydrogeology and vegetation distribution by remote sensing, hydrogeological survey and ecological sample measurement. The ecological hydrological landscape of study area is divided into four types, which are high-mid mountain desert bedrock fissure water erosion, mid mountain fracture pore interlayer water, piedmont alluvial fan pore water and river terraces pore water. The high-mid mountain and the oasis of river terraces are effected by atmospheric precipitation and surface evaporation, the alluvial fan edge oasis is effected by hydrochemical type of groundwater and changes of groundwater level.In order to provide scientific and reasonable basis for ecological environment protection, non-ferrous metal resource base construction, ecological stability and ecological function zoning in Wuqia-Kangsu area.
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