文章摘要
邓念东,石辉,崔阳阳.基于ArcGIS的府谷县地质灾害与影响因素耦合分析[J].矿产勘查,2022,13(4):507-516
基于ArcGIS的府谷县地质灾害与影响因素耦合分析
Coupling analysis of geological hazards and influencing factors in Fugu County based on ArcGIS
投稿时间:2021-04-19  
DOI:10.20008/j.kckc.202204015
中文关键词: 地质调查工程  地质灾害  影响因素  耦合分析
英文关键词: geological survey engineering  geological disaster  influence factor  coupling analysis
基金项目:本文受国家自然科学青年基金项目(41602359)、国家自然科学基金项目(41702377)资助。
作者单位
邓念东 西安科技大学地质与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710054 
石辉 西安科技大学地质与环境学院, 陕西 西安 710054 
崔阳阳 陕西省电力设计院有限公司, 陕西 西安 710054 
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中文摘要:
      受地形地貌、地质构造、地层岩性和人类工程活动等的影响,府谷县地质灾害频发。本文以府谷县地质灾害为研究对象,通过对府谷县各乡镇(街道)的地质灾害进行统计分析,深入探讨地质灾害分布规律及其与各影响因素的耦合关系。结果表明:①地质灾害主要集中在765~1250 m的海拔内;②滑坡及崩塌多集中于坡度小于25°的范围内,地面塌陷及泥石流多集中于坡度小于15°的范围内;③地质灾害集中分布在年降雨量400~460 mm的区域内,且沿河流及道路呈集中带状分布;④易发生地质灾害的岩土体类型以层状坚硬—半坚硬砂泥岩互层碎屑岩组为主,植被覆盖度越低的地区越容易发生地质灾害;⑤人类工程活动对地质灾害影响深远,在人口密度大于100人/km2的范围内崩塌、滑坡和泥石流占比均大于65%。研究结果可为府谷县地质灾害防治提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Affected by topography, geological structure, stratigraphic lithology and human engineering activities, geological disasters occur frequently in Fugu County. Taking the geological disasters in Fugu County as the research object, the geological disasters of the townships (streets) in Fugu County were statistically analyzed, and the distribution law of geological hazards and the coupling relationship with various influencing factors were discussed in depth. The results showed that:① The geological disasters are mainly concentrated in the range of 765~1250 m; ② landslide and collapse are mostly concentrated in the range of slope less than 25°, and ground collapse and debris flow are mostly concentrated in the range of slope less than 15°; ③ geological disasters are concentrated in the area of rainfall of 400~460 mm, and are distributed in a concentrated belt along rivers and roads; ④ the types of rock and soil that are prone to geological disasters are mainly layered and hard-semi-hard sand-shale interbedded clastic rock group, the degree of vegetation coverage is closely related to the distribution of geological disasters; ⑤ geological disasters are distributed along a certain extent along the road, and human engineering activities have far-reaching impact on geological disasters, the collapse, landslide and debris flow account for more than 65% within the range of population density greater than 100 people/km2, respectively. The research results can provide reference for the prevention and control of geological disasters in Fugu County.
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